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Glossary of terms used on this site

There are 44 entries in this glossary.
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Term Definition
Formal learning

Organized activity by an accredited legal entity or an individual, carried out according to accredited programmes, aimed at acquiring and upgrading competences for personal, social and professional needs. It shall be proven by a certificate, diploma or other public document issued by an authorized legal entity.

Full qualification

Qualification complying by itself to conditions for access to the labour market and/or further education, respectively.

Graduate study

Graduate university study normally lasts one to two years and awards 60-120 ECTS credits. A total number of credits earned at the undergraduate and graduate level shall equal at least 300 ECTS credits.

Informal learning

Unorganized activity related to acquiring competences from everyday experience, and other influences and resources from one’s environment, referring to personal, social and professional needs.

Key competences for lifelong learning

Competences of a respective level required by an individual to be included into the community life. These are fundamental for acquiring competences in the course of life for all personal, social and professional needs, and include communication in the mother tongue, communication in foreign languages, mathematical competence, basic competences in science and technology, digital competence, learning how to learn, social and civic competence, initiative and entrepreneurship, as well as cultural awareness and expression.

Learning outcomes

Describe what students should know, understand and be able to do upon the completion of a study programme. Learning outcomes are connected to the measurable level descriptors in the national and European qualification frameworks.


refers to the formally designated location of a programme in the Qualifications Framework of the European Higher Education Area. (e.g. first cycle or Bachelor's level.) They represent a series of sequential steps (a developmental continuum), expressed in terms of a range of generic outcomes, against which typical qualifications can be positioned. *Bologna Follow-Up Group, Framework for Qualifications of the European Higher Education Area, 2005, p. 30.


Upon finishing the undergraduate and graduate university study or integrated undergraduate and graduate university study, a student shall earn a minimum of 300 ECTS credits and the academic title magistar of magistra with reference to the field of study.

Non-formal learning

Organized learning activity aimed at acquiring and upgrading competences for personal, social and professional needs. It shall not be proven by a public document.

Occupational standard

Llist of all tasks performed by an individual engaged in a given occupation, as well as a list of competences required for their successful implementation.

Partial qualification

Qualification that does not comply by itself to conditions for access to the labour market and/or further education, respectively. It complies with conditions only if accompanied by a respective full qualification, or by one or various respective partial qualifications, according to a full qualification standard.

Postgraduate study

A student may enrol into postgraduate university study upon completing graduate university study. As a rule, postgraduate university study lasts three years and, upon the completion of its requirements and a public defence of the student’s doctoral thesis, awards the academic degree of doktor znanosti or doktor umjetnosti. Individuals with accomplishments in science that equal in importance the conditions for appointment into a scientific research grade may attain a doktor znanosti degree by enrolling into postgraduate study and publicly defending their doctoral thesis, without having to take classes and pass exams.

Professional Qualification

Includes formal education and professional training (professional education and training which follows formal education, as well as potential professional experience acquired in the pursuit of a regulated profession in a European Economic Area (EEA) Contracting State), which enabled the applicant to pursue a particular regulated profession in an EEA Contracting State.

Professional recognition

Recognition of a foreign higher education qualification for the purpose of employment in the Republic of Croatia.

Professional studies

Professional studies are implemented at polytechnics or schools of professional higher education, last for two or three years and award 120-180 ECTS credits. Exceptionally, following the approval of the National Council for Higher Education, professional studies may last up to four years in cases when it corresponds to internationally accepted standards; upon completion of such a study a student shall earn up to 240 ECTS credits. Upon the completion of professional study with 180 ECTS credits or more, a student shall earn the professional title of baccalaureus with reference to the field of study, pursuant to a special law.

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