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Glossary of terms used on this site

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Term Definition
60 ECTS credits

Represent student workload during one year of full-time study in a formal learning context. In most cases, a full-time student's workload during one year is between 1500 – 1800 hours, which means that 1 ECTS credit corresponds to 25-30 hours of work. Since part-time students do not have the full workload, they usually cannot earn 60 ECTS credits in one academic year.

Academic recognition

Refers to the recognition of a foreign higher education qualifications for the purpose of continuing education in the Republic of Croatia.

Academic Recognition Office

Shall be established on every university, polytechnic and college for the purpose of performing professional and administrative activities concerning the academic recognition of foreign higher education qualifications and recognition of periods of study, in accordance with the general acts of universities, polytechnics and colleges. The structure, domain and mode of work of the Office is prescribed by a general act of a university, polytechnic and college, in accordance with the Act on Amendments to theAct on Recognition of Foreign Educational Qualifications.

Academic year

Period of one year that starts at earliest on 1 September and at latest on 1 October. This period ends on the day the next academic year starts again. The exact date is decided upon by the higher education institution.

Access (to higher education)*

The right of qualified candidates to apply and to be considered for admission to higher education. *Council of Europe, Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications concerning Higher Education in the European Region, 1997, p. 3.

Automatic recognition

Recognition of foreign professional qualifications, available solely to EU Member States nationals, by which the Republic of Croatia acknowledges that their evidence of formal qualification is equally valid as its own.

Bologna Process

An ongoing intergovernmental process to create the European Higher Education Area by integrating and harmonising the different higher education systems within Europe.

Croatian Qualifications Framework

Instrument for regulating the system of qualifications at all levels of education in the Republic of Croatia, through the use of qualification standards based on learning outcomes and harmonised with individual and labour market needs, as well as the needs of the society as a whole.

Diploma mill

An organisation or institution that issues certified qualifications for an appropriate payment, with little or no requirements for the individual to demonstrate full competence at the relevant degree level in the discipline area.

Diploma supplement

A detailed transcript of student attainment. The Diploma Supplement is attached as a supplement to the formal diploma.

ECTS credits

Credits based on student workload necessary for the achievement of prescribed learning results.

European Credit Transfer System (ECTS)*

Generalized basis for all the national credit systems in the European Higher Education Area. ECTS is a learner-centred system for credit accumulation and transfer based on the transparency of learning outcomes and learning processes. It aims to facilitate planning, delivery, evaluation, recognition and validation of qualifications and units of learning as well as student mobility. ECTS is widely used in formal higher education and can be applied to other lifelong learning activities.

European Qualifications Framework for Lifelong Learning (EQF)

Instrument for establishing qualification levels aimed atrecognition and understanding of qualifications among national qualifications frameworks. 

Evaluation of foreign higher education qualifications

Refers to the assessment of the level or the degree of the individual's higher education qualification, in accordance with the Criteria for Evaluation of Foreign Higher Education Qualification.

Foreign educational qualification

Refers to the formal term for a particular level or degree of acquired knowledge, skills and competence, which are proved by a foreign school certificate, diploma or other public document issued by a competent authority. In order to foreign qualification be considered as foreign higher education qualification and to be recognized as such in Croatia, it's necessary that it's considered as higher education qualification in country which issued it and that it's obtained upon successful completion of a higher education program.

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